A diabetic patient must do their best to avoid sugary and high-carb foods. More sugar in your food means more sugar in your blood, and without a proper insulin response your body will suffer. One important thing you will have to understand as a diabetic is the glycemic index.
The glycemic index is a scale that shows how much a certain food will spike your blood sugar. The scale is from 0-100, with foods like pure glucose being at 100. Pure glucose will cause an almost immediate spike in blood sugar, that’s why it earns a score of 100 on the glycemic index. Foods like this can be useful, but only in the event of a low blood sugar event. If you find yourself dizzy, confused, or on the verge of fainting, you may have low blood sugar. In this case, a food very high on the glycemic index would be useful to prevent these symptoms.
Generally, you will want to choose foods low on
the glycemic index. Only foods that contain
carbohydrates have a glycemic index value,
so foods like chicken, beef, or eggs will not.
These foods are usually a good choice in
your diabetic diet or this reason. Most
vegetables are going to be on the low
end of the glycemic index, so a diabetic
diet should be rich in a variety of
vegetables. Fruits are also usually a good
choice, although too much fruit can be a
bad things due to the higher sugar content.
Foods to avoid are going to be processed sweets
such as cookies and cakes, as well as sugary sodas
and fast food.
Next, we will take a look at what a day may look like in a diabetic diet.